Onshore wind turbines capture the kinetic energy from the wind and convert it into electrical energy which can then be sold to the national grid. Wind power is very consistent from year to year but has significant variation over shorter time scales. It is therefore used in conjunction with other sources to give a reliable supply.
Onshore wind projects provide many environmental, social and economic benefits, including the provision of local facilities, energy efficiency measures, significant job creation, education and training, energy security and inward investment.
Research conducted by RenewableUK on onshore wind farms has shown that for each installed megawatt (MW), around £100,000 stays in the community and surrounding areas during the lifetime of a project.
Developed and built by Falck Renewables Wind Limited, the site comprises twelve GE 3.2MW wind turbines with a total export capacity of 36MW. The wind farm is expected to produce enough clean energy to power approximately 26,000 homes. Members are projected to receive a 5% return over approximately a 15-year period. www.auchrobert.coop/
For almost 20 years, Baywind owned six turbines. Five were decommissioned in 2016, to make way for two new high powered turbines belonging to successor High Winds Community Energy Co-operative. At the end of life of the remaining turbine the site will be taken over by High Winds.www.baywind.coop
Following a successful £1,288,270 share offer in 2008, the Great Glen Energy Co-op purchased a stake in the Millennium wind farm. In 2010, members of the co-op purchased a further stake in the additional turbines which had been constructed since 2008. Today there are 26 x 2.5MW turbines on the site. www.greatglen.coop
Following a successful share offer in 2015, High Winds raised £4million towards the cost of constructing two wind turbines at Harlock Hill, near Ulverston, Cumbria.
Recently another share offer has raised £5.7 million which will see High Winds become the sole owner of Mean Moor Wind Farm, Ulverston. www.highwinds.coop
The Isle of Skye Renewables Co-op purchased a stake in the Ben Aketil wind farm following an initial share offer in 2008, quickly followed by a second offer in 2010. The twelve turbines on site generate enough clean, green energy to supply around 21,000 homes. www.skye.coop
In 2008 the co-operative purchased a stake in the Kilbraur wind farm via a share offer in excess of £1 million. A second share offer in 2011 saw the purchase of a further stake in the remaining 8 turbines at the wind farm. The site consists of 27 turbines. www.kilbraur.coop
Until early 2020, Mean Moor Wind Farm was owned by three community enterprises; High Winds Community Energy Society, Energy Prospects and Baywind Energy Co-Operative. Following a £5.7 million share offer, Mean Moor will now fall under the ownership of High Winds Community Energy Society.